​​​​​​Blockchains
The Crypto Report 30-Nov-2018
Top 3 Company Headlines
Amazon launches QLDB products (PR 28-Nov)
Revolut to open in Japan with Rakuten and Sompo (CNBC 29-Nov)
Galaxy Digital reports $136m YTD loss (Bloomberg 28-Nov)
Top 3 Macro and Risk Headlines
SEC guidance on crypto securities (PR 16-Nov)
HK SFC crypto regulation update (PR 01-Nov)
Paraguay backs huge Golden Goose mine and exchange (PR 18-Nov)
The Crypto's View
Bitmex reported that a dozen large ICOs have delayed launching. The Eurekahedge crypto currency hedge fund index reports dismal YTD losses with the 17 venerable funds it tracks more or less tracking bitcoin. The Crypto is not surprised that fresh money is reluctant to allocate to crypto “hedge funds” that don’t hedge much but not that big money continues to arrive from incumbents deploying DLT and with huge customer bases.
Fun Fact: Star Trek’s Shatner Tweets defending Buterin (CoinDesk 08-Nov)


The Mogul Report 31-Oct-2018
Top 3 Company Headlines
Fidelity plans crypto launch (Forbes 15-Oct)
Coinbase Revenue forecast $1.3bn (Bloomberg 30-Oct)
BitStamp bought by Korbit owner NXM  (Fortune 29-Oct)
Top 3 Macro and Risk Headlines
Stablecoins pressured by Tether wobble (Bloomberg 15-Oct)
Only 63 of 155 September ICOs raise assets (CoinTelegraph 24-Oct)
Japan's FSA grants SRO status to JVCEA  (CoinTelegraph 24-Oct)
The Crypto's View
Rumours of NXMs price for Bitstamp are not far from the $352m a surgeon led firm paid for Korean rival Bithumb a week before. The Crypto notes that volatility and sentiment in crypto assets has been crushed. NY OTC listed GBTX closed yesterday on just an 8% premium and CBOE notes low BTC futures volatility. This suggests to The Crypto a breakout as it did when he saw this happen to the Nikkei in February 1995. Going long a strangle is the logical trade to profit but The Crypto does not give investment advice. He observes that NXM, the surgeon and FIDO will be pleased if it is the upside leg. Since so many are positive The Crypto fears the surprise will not be a nice one.​
Fun Fact: DJ Khaled and boxer Floyd Mayweather in crypto fraud suit (Independent 22-Oct)


The Crypto Report 30-Sep-2018
Top 3 Company Headlines
Google to allow ads for regulated crypto exchanges (CNBC 26 -Sep)
Huobi buys Japan regulated BitTrade exchange (CoinTelegraph 13-Sep)
SEBA raises $104m for Zug crypto bank and exchange (Bloomberg 26-Sep)
Top 3 Macro and Risk Headlines
NY AG report faults crypto exchanges’ risk controls (PR 18-Sep)
Swiss Bank SRO guidelines encouraging crypto services (Reuters 21-Sep)
Philippines to publish ICO regulation (CoinTelegraph 04-Sep)
The Crypto's View
Positive regulated crypto news this month was accompanied by expansion plans such as Ribbit ($420m fintech fund), NASDAQ (Cinnober TOB), Coinbase (100 Wall St hires, more listings, Caspian jv), Line (5 DAPPs, Japan coin), Softbank (mobile payments), JP Morgan (Quorum IIM test with 75 banks) and EF Hutton (new crypto services). One of the Crypto’s favourite sentiment indicators is the premium on the $1.5bn NY listed bitcoin trust GBTC which sagged to just 19%. It’s spent most of its life between 50-100%  on hallucinations of a flood of institutional money arriving that would push up prices despite than the inevitable premium collapse that more alternative vehicles would bring. This indicator tells the Crypto that either traders have capitulated on there being no wave of institutions or that they have arrived but are not pushing prices. 
Fun Fact: The MW Scrabble dictionary added Bitcoin so some have reported it’s officially worth 11points (CNN 24-Sep)


The Crypto Report 31-Aug-2018
Top 3 Company Headlines
Mt.Gox creditors near $1.4bn settlement (mtgox-creditors.com 01-Aug)
Bitmain mulling $18bn IPO (CoinDesk 10-Aug)
Huobi reverses into Pantronics (HKEX 22-Aug)
Top 3 Macro and Risk Headlines
SEC turns down ETF requests again (SEC 22-Aug)
More than 200 ICOs being investigated in US (NASAA.org 28-Aug)
Lloyd's of London enters Crypto Market (CoinDesk 28-Aug)
The Crypto's View
Ironically for a math based technology, popular valuation of crypto assets is usually light on the numbers based methods of CFA or equivalently educated analysts. The Crypto applauds the efforts of Satis Group building on earlier work by pioneers like Bogart, Selkis, and Burniske whose report from 30-Aug has value estimates for dozens of crypto assets. Many are rated at zero but the survivors are tagged with high upside. Time will tell but it is refreshing to see some math being used intelligently rather than more common faith-based assertions or chartist voodoo.
Fun Fact: Canaan is offering a crypto mining TV in pre IPO PR (SCMP 02-Aug)


The Crypto Report 31-July-2018
Top 3 Company Headlines
Coinbase launches crypto asset custody service (CoinDesk 02-Jul)
Palladium $150m warrant bond to build Malta Fintech with Bittrex (PR 10-Jul)
Galaxy Q1 loss $134m disclosed ahead of TSXV listing (Bloomberg 26-Jul)
Top 3 Macro and Risk Headlines
SIX to launch crypto exchange in 2019 (PR 06-Jul)
Gallup poll shows just 2% of US citizens own crypto (PR 27-Jul)
Iran preparing sanctions evading crypto Rial (PressTV 25-Jul)
The Crypto's View
There is much chat among crypto traders hoping for a boost from the arrival of “institutions” but some are already involved and hurting. The Q1 loss at Galaxy and the YTD losses reported by the Eurekahedge Crypto Hedge fund index show strong correlation with the overall level of Bitcoin and the other majors and that very little was done to hedge exposures. VCs and presale ICO buyers may have done better as a Boston College study shows excess returns for ICOs in month 1. That assumes they avoided enough of the 56% of ICOs that are moribund by month 4.
Fun Fact: 12 Russians indicted with US election meddling were traced via the Bitcoin they mined and used to buy the Guccifer domain and other services. (NY Times 13-Jul)


The Crypto Report 30-June-2018
Top 3 Company Headlines
Alibaba's Ant Pay raising $14bn for DLT expansion (PR 08-Jun)
Coinbase buys registered broker-dealer Keystone Capital (CNBC 08-Jun)
Ebang miner may raise $1bn in HKEX IPO (PR 29-Jun)
Top 3 Macro and Risk Headlines
PWC Crypto Valley reports ICO issuance YTD exceeded 2017 already (PR 30-Jun)
Liechtenstein PM promotes Crypto Laws due early 2019 (PR 21-Jun)
Japan FSA mandates AML improvement at 6 exchanges (PR 22-Jun)
The Crypto's View
Record YTD numbers for crypto capital raises, new regulations, regulated exchange launches and mega company entrants validate DLT but bring a big rise in (mostly fiat) outflows needed to execute. 2016 crypto outflows to fiat were dominated only by miners’ hardware and LX spend. ICO and crypto account openings surged in 2017 but only the former YTD. Crypto conversion to fiat is the air leaking from the 2017 bubble. El Erian’s “gut feeling” that bitcoin is a buy at 5000 (last year it was 3000) lacks math. We all know what exits from the gut.
Fun Fact: Potcoin sponsored Denis Rodman Singapore appearance to support his friends POTUS and Kim Jong Un (CoinTelegraph 08-Jun)


The Crypto Report 31-May-2018
Top 3 Company Headlines
NVIDIA warns of 2/3 drop in mining chip sales (Market Watch 12-May)
Circle raises $110mn Series E funding  (Press Release 15-May)
Coinshares launches Koimanu JV with Nomura (Press Release 15-May)
Top 3 Macro and Risk Headlines
DoJ opens crypto manipulation probe (Bloomberg 24-May)
Shrimp and frogs clog ETH network (EWN 20-May)
New Japan FSA guidelines for crypto exchanges (CoinTelegraph 06-May)
The Crypto's View
Regulation enforcement stepping up a notch (DoJ and Upbit probes and MAS warnings) co-incided this month with Gemini adopting NASDAQ’s SMARTS manipulation detector and Coinbase announcing more tools for professionals. Japanese tax experts estimate more than 300 people declared profits over $1m last year and the FSA issued guidelines similar to existing securities rules. As institutional involvement grows and tax claims rise more news like this is inevitable and welcome. It’s a testament to the maturing of crypto that in the context of a 20% drop on the month for Bitcoin many small or dubious tokens were hit much harder.
Fun Fact: Stormy Daniels chose Vice Industry Token (VIT) contributing to Verge (XVT) crashing over 60% down (a loss of over $800m) from its Mindgeek deal (CoinDesk 25-May)


The Crypto Report 30-Apr-2018
Top 3 Company Headlines
Yahoo Japan buys 40% of BitARG (Reuters 13-Apr)
tZERO unveils token trading platform (Press Release 09-Apr)
SBI to launch own exchange (Business Insider 27-Apr)
Top 3 Macro and Risk Headlines
Australia extends KYC/AML laws to crypto & licenses exchanges (newsBTC 11-Apr)
FSA exchange survey finds 3.5m crypto users in Japan (FSA 30-Apr)
NY AG Schneiderman questions multiple out-of-state exchanges (Press Release 17-Apr)
The Crypto's View
Even more regulation is coming to cryptoland. The Crypto observes this has coincided with an upswing in values vs fiat and a downswing in assets like Verge with its over-hyped deal (an advert campaign) with MindGeek.
Fun Fact: John McAfee charges $105,000 per tweet for promoting cryptocurrency projects (CoinTelegraph 03-Apr)


The Crypto Report 31-Mar-2018
Top 3 Company Headlines
Google to ban crypto adverts (PR 13-Mar)
Yahoo! Japan to add crypto to its online FX business (Nikkei Asian Review 23-Mar)
Telegram raises $1.7bn in ICO so far (SEC 30-Mar)
Top 3 Macro and Risk Headlines
JFSA warns Binance and 7 others (Reuters 23-Mar)
Gox whale offloads $400m of BTC with $1.9bn to go (Bloomberg 07-Mar)
CBOE writes to SEC to permit bitcoin ETFs (CoinTelegraph 27-Mar)
The Crypto's View
Though 2018 ICO issuance flows have exceeded 2017, many deals have been open to large fiat contributions in the premarket phase. Telegram is the biggest so far, has registered with the SEC, and its large subscribers have almost certainly been offered that choice. The deal sizes mean larger outflows to fiat adding to incomplete Gox liquidation which may partly explain weak market YTD.
Binance has moved to Malta rather than comply with JFSA rules yet big ticket investors clearly like some regulatory oversight. Jurisdictions which get the balance right (soon to be joined by Liechtenstein) have gained much market share and appear set to grow.
Fun Fact: Ex-Liverpool football star Michael Owen launches OWN coin via GCOX in Singapore (Bloomberg 21-Mar)


The Crypto Report 28-Feb-2018
Top 3 Company Headlines
Rakuten to launch its own cryptocurrency (Mobile World Live 27-Feb)
Circle buys Poloniex for $400m (Press Release 26-Feb)
Digital Currency Group $114m stake Silvergate Bank (Press Release 26-Feb)
Top 3 Macro and Risk Headlines
SEC asks for info (CNBC 28-Feb)
GS misquoted: really saying crypto is much less than 1% of global GDP (CoinTelegraph 28-Feb)
Coinbase disclosing only 13000 accounts to IRS (Fast Company 27-Feb)
The Crypto's View
Some huge positives from heavyweight commitments like DCG, Rakuten, and Circle have balanced negatives like IRS disclosures (for a surprising small number of people) and SEC investigations. These have resulted in not much net movement in the total crypto market cap.
Except for the persistent premium on GBTC the Crypto would posit that equilibrium is close.  
Fun Fact: Russia’s security services have arrested a nuclear scientist for allegedly using military supercomputers to mine Bitcoin (BBC 09-Feb)


The Crypto Report 31-Jan-2018
Top 3 Company Headlines
Line applies for cryptocurrency exchange licence (CCN 31-Jan)
Telegram plans $500m pre-ICO (CoinTelegraph 08-Jan)
UCL fights degree fraud with Bitcoin (Bitcoin Magazine 25-Jan)
Top 3 Macro and Risk Headlines
Facebook incl crypt in ban of non-regulated asset adverts (CoinTelegraph 30-Jan)
Venezuela announces “Petro” token presale (CoinDesk 31-Jan)
World Gold Council strikes back (CoinTelegraph 30-Jan)
The Crypto's View
Line is big and MUFG, DMM, SBER, Kodak and Facebook also engaged this month. Crypto fans are celebrating the arrival of "institutionals" but they can be competitors too.
The Gold Council knocked back that they have a 5,000 year track record and 250x the traded volume of Bitcoin. Even humble orange juice futures (possibly "soft gold"?) trade bigger volume. Ranting remarks in crypto chat rooms about hedge funds going short are missing the obvious point that CME crypto futures compared to their "whales" are minnows.
Fun Fact: Arsenal Football Club signs crypto-currency deal with gaming firm CashBet (BBC 24-Jan)


The Crypto Report 31-Dec-2017
Top 3 Company Headlines
Cryptokitties becomes the largest dapp on Ethereum (CoinTelegraph 04-Dec)
DMM Group plans cryptocurrency exchange (Bitcoin.com 21-Dec)
QUOINE partnership with Gibraltar Blockchain Exchange (PR 22-Dec)
Top 3 Macro and Risk Headlines
CBOE to begin bitcoin futures on 10-Dec (Business Insider 04-Dec)
SEC Chairman Jay Clayton statement on cryptocurrencies & ICOs (SEC 12-Dec)
Coinbase announces insider trading probe (Fortune 20-Dec)
The Crypto's View
Regulators became more active in the crypto world this month. In the US the SEC warned to observe existing laws and further ICO legal actions started. More positively Japan approved 5 more exchanges and major companies like SBI (a QUOINE investor) and DMM announced expansion plans.
Governance will be an important topic in 2018.  Firms in jurisdictions with regulation have a chance to take advantage of those that do not as the rush of China based business to partner elsewhere shows.
Fun Fact: A Tesla S owner has set up his vehicle to mine bitcoin (CoinTelegraph 04-Dec)


The Crypto Report 30-Nov-2017
Top 3 Company Headlines
Gibraltar Blockchain Exchange & Rock Token launch (PR 6-Nov)
World’s first bitcoin mutual fund launched by Tobam (FT 21-Nov)
Tezos sued for securities fraud by ICO investor (Coindesk 3-Nov)
Top 3 Macro and Risk Headlines
SEC statement on celebrity ICO endorsements (SEC 01-Nov)
SegWit2x called off (Linux Foundation 08-Nov)
BTC avg transaction fee double all time high (bitinfo 12-Nov)
The Crypto's View
All-time highs for prices make headlines but BTC avg trade costs hitting $18 and size spiking over $100,000 show it is migrating further from mass-market. That is negative for some crypto-economic models. Institutional interest grows with the launch of the Gibraltar Stock Exchange’s “Gibraltar Blockchain Exchange” and a French mutual fund which signed CACEIS in the key custodian role. Ironically this and the news that futures markets (a zero sum game that make short sales easier) are a step closer has been accompanied by US listed GBTC premium over underlying assets soaring to 68%, close the high of its range. Market maturity should be driving the premium lower. 
Fun Fact: "From seed to sale" is the IBM pitch to BC government for regulating the cannabis industry to protect consumers (CoinDesk 6-Nov)


The Crypto Report 31-Oct-2017
Top 3 Company Headlines
Overstock (OSTK:NASDAQ) ICO for tZERO regulated market (PR 24-Oct)
AMD (AMD:NASDAQ) shares down, Morgan Stanley say mining chip boost temporary (FT 30-Oct)
Tezos struggles with infighting (Reuters 18-Oct)
Top 3 Macro and Risk Headlines
CME to launch bitcoin futures (Reuters 31-Oct)
Dubai emCash, 1st state issued cryptocurrency (CoinTelegraph 01-Oct)
Jeff Garzik Metronome cross-chain cryptocurrency (Bloomberg 24-Oct)
The Crypto's View
The Crypto wonders if all these hard forks are an attempt by worried miners and mining hardware sellers to stay in business. Proof of stake (PoS) is coming to Ethereum. It uses much less energy and eliminates conventional mining. Litecoin tested segwit first. If PoS is successful it may come to Bitcoin.
Fun Fact: The Arkansas Sheriff’s Office in the USA is mining bitcoin to help it with dark web investigations (CoinDesk 30-Oct)


The Crypto Report 30-Sep-2017
Top 3 Company Headlines
GBTC & Van Eck withdraw SEC fund listing applications (Reuters 28-Sep)
Ripple & R3 file law suits against each other (Reuters 08-Sep)
Nexon (TSE:3659) KRW91.3bn, 65% Korbit stake (Hankyung 26-Sep)
Top 3 Macro and Risk Headlines
China bans ICOs (PBoC 04-Sep)
Top browsers implement Bitcoin API (CoinDesk 16-Sep)
Japan issues licences to 11 crypto exchanges (CoinDesk 29-Sep)
The Crypto's View
China led a wave of regulatory news. The SEC charge 2 ICOs with fraud. Risk is high but business continues e.g. Nexon/Korbit or the CBC bancassurance app. Japan stands out as permissive.
Ethereum made ERC20 official, Geth released new node software, the Raiden scaling project will ICO. The Buterin & Teutsch interactive ICO protocol and the Zt-Snark/Zt-Stark privacy discussion are early stage but positive. This is all increasingly complicated but it will improve Etheruem.
Fun Fact: Rock star Gene Simmons is open minded about launching “KISScoin” (TheStreet 15-Sep)


The Crypto Report 31-Aug-2017
Top 3 Company Headlines
Blockstream launch Bitcoin transaction satellite broadcast (PR 15-Aug)
Fisco (3807:TSE) test bitcoin bond (Bloomberg 16-Aug)
Filecoin ICO raises $200m in 1 hour despite tech issues (CoinDesk 10-Aug)
Top 3 Macro and Risk Headlines
Chinese regulator considers shutting down all ICOs (CoinDesk 29-Aug)
Estonia planning national “estcoin” (BBC 25-Aug)
IRS using Chainalysis to find Bitcoin tax cheats (CoinTelegraph 23-Aug)
The Crypto's View
Blockstream’s satellite broadcast is momentous. It’s like GPS for Bitcoin and it is likely the first of many. The Crypto sees a future where even if the entire internet was shut down, every satellite would also have to be destroyed. Bravo!
ICOs are drawing increasing attention. Many raise much more money than they need from investors, keep the excess, and spend it very questionably. Regulators in the USA, Canada, China, and Singapore have all recently signalled they will take action. The Crypto is aware of around 200 ICOs scheduled over the next few months. How long until something serious goes wrong?
Fun Fact: An aide to Putin wants $100m for bitcoin mining so that Russia can rival China (Bloomberg 08-Aug)


The Crypto Report 31-Jul-2017
Top 3 Company Headlines
Tezos ICO raises approx $232m or 65k BTC & 360k ETH (CoinDesk 13-Jul)
Coinbase exchange adds 1m users last month (CoinTelegraph 03-Jul)
LedgerX to be 1st regulated Bitcoin options exchange (Bloomberg 24-Jul)
Top 3 Macro and Risk Headlines
SEC confirms tokens are securities (Press Release 25-Jul)
Chinese firms create ICO guidelines (ETHNews 26-Jul)
Hiring freezing in the blockchain industry (CoinDesk 16-Jul)
The Crypto's View
SegWit is now a certainty. There is some chatter of a hard fork but The Crypto is completely unconcerned. The Crypto thinks that people will use it as a way to dump so-called “Bitcoin Cash” for other currencies and reinvest in real BTC.
The Crypto has been reflecting on the risks around ICOs. For example, Bancor raised more money than they needed. To deal with the excess they set up a contract to repurchase tokens at the rate they sold them at the ICO. The intention was to create a floor below which the price wouldn’t fall. It turned out to be a duff plan when the market price of ETH fell and the ETH set aside for the contract was depleted.
Fun Fact: Floyd Mayweather is apparently very excited for the Stox ICO (Instagram 27-Jul)


The Crypto Report 30-Jun-2017
Top 3 Company Headlines
Daimler (DAI:GR) €100m bond via blockchain (Automotive World 28-Jun
DigitalX sell 40% stake to BGL for Bitcoin via Australian Securities Exchange (PR 07-Jun)
Pantera Capital files with SEC for ICO hedge fund (SEC 27-Jun)
Top 3 Macro and Risk Headlines
Putin endorses Ethereum (Vanity Fair 12-Jun)
Singapore trials tokenised form of S$ (MAS 12-Jun)
Bitcoin helps cannabis industry solve its banking problem (Bloomberg 13-Jun)
The Crypto's View
The Initial Coin Offering (ICO) craze is only the beginning. The Crypto expects that tokens with the legal recognition of conventional equity, debt etc. will come soon. The Crypto suspects the supply of capable blockchain coders is already in high demand. They will command a high hiring price.
Bitcoin is booming in Japan. The Crypto sees regular announcements of new, large, retail companies accepting it as payment at their outlets. After Putin’s endorsement, the Crypto wonders if Russia will be the next big adopter. Burger King will apparently begin accepting bitcoin in Russia this summer (Uznay Vse 28-Jun).
Fun Fact: The Unicode Consortium added a Bitcoin symbol; you’ll be able to type it and computers everywhere will soon uniformly recognise and display it properly (Unicode 20-Jun)


The Crypto Report 31-May-2017
Top 3 Company Headlines
Fidelity include cryptocurrency prices in client accounts (Reuters 23-May)
Kik chat app ICO (Press Release 25-May)
Walmart plans blockchain delivery drones (Fortune 30-May)
Top 3 Macro and Risk Headlines
Ethereum to move toward “proof-of-stake” Casper system (CoinDesk 05-May)
Ripple locks $14bn XRP, 87.5% total market cap (Coin Telegraph 18-May)
Ex-FBI Chief says cryptocurrencies impede criminal investigations (CoinDesk 11-May)
The Crypto's View
Debate is heating up around BIP 148, a proposal to increase the transactional capacity of Bitcoin. The key date is 01-Aug. There is some risk of a hard fork. If that happens, long term holders will have bitcoins on both chains. If BIP 148 is successful then most users have little to worry about or do. The Crypto recommends vigilance when receiving bitcoins around 01-Aug.
Consensus 2017, the blockchains conference, saw an extraordinary number of bigger-than-ever announcements. The Crypto expects a very interesting year ahead!
Fun Fact: Polish start-up Userfeeds hopes to combat fake news with a reputation-based platform built using Ethereum (CoinDesk 16-May)


The Crypto Report 30-Apr-2017
Top 3 Company Headlines
SEC to review Winklevoss ETF application (SEC 25-Apr)
USD wire transfer problems worsen for Bitfinex (CoinDesk 20-Apr
Stampery blockchain add-in for Microsoft Office (Microsoft 10-Apr)
Top 3 Macro and Risk Headlines
Japan legalises cryptocurrencies (RT 01-Apr)
Bitmain mining hardware vulnerable (Antbleed 27-Apr)
Litecoin SegWit scaling agreed (CoinDesk 21-Apr)
The Crypto's View
The Crypto correctly predicted a Bitcoin price increase (see last month’s report). The Crypto suspects 3 more reasons for the increase: 1) the SEC said it will review its Winklevoss ETF decision; 2) purchase of Bitcoin to move funds off the Bitfinex exchange and; 3) Japanese legalisation.
The Bitcoin Core/Unlimited debate is done. Methods to control Bitcoin by Unlimited supporters at Bitmain (e.g. ASICboost, Antbleed, isAuthToRun) have been uncovered and neutralised. If SegWit is successful on the Litecoin blockchain this will boost support to do it for Bitcoin.
Fun Fact: Porsche announces its first innovation contest for blockchain start-ups (Porsche 03-Apr)


The Crypto Report 31-Mar-2017
Top 3 Company Headlines
SEC rejects Winklevoss Bitcoin ETF (SEC 10-Mar)
Alibaba (BABA:NYSE) consider blockchain to fight food fraud (CoinDesk 24-Mar)
Stratis’ Breeze Wallet to facilitate coin tumbling (Nasdaq 10-Mar)
Top 3 Macro and Risk Headlines
Bug sends 70% Bitcoin Unlimited nodes offline (CoinDesk 14-Mar)
European Commission proposes RegTech pilot (EC 27-Mar)
Group of 47 Japanese banks to use Ripple (CNBC 02-Mar)
The Crypto's View
The large majority of users, nodes, exchanges, wallet providers, and others, seem to support Bitcoin Core. The only group which favours Bitcoin Unlimited is large miners. Risk of a hard fork is decreasing. The Crypto expects to see the price of Bitcoin increase again.
The Crypto observes an increase in the number of trading systems (Stock Exchange of Thailand, IBM/Trafigura) and tracking projects (Foxconn, Maersk, UN, Alibaba, Sweden’s land registry). Hyperledger’s bond trading platform has gone open source (CoinDesk 24-Mar). The Crypto expects many more trading platforms to emerge.
Fun Fact: The UN World Food Programme explores using Ethereum for tracking food (WFP 06-Mar)


​The Crypto Report 28-Feb-2017
Top 3 Company Headlines
Northern Trust (NTRS:NASDAQ) IBM (IBM:LSE) blockchain PE admin (PR 21-Feb)
bitFlyer share issue; Sumitomo (8316:T) MHFG (8411:T) Dai Ichi (8750:T) (PR 14-Feb)
Ripple to do National Bank of Abu Dhabi x-border payments (NBAD 01-Feb)
Top 3 Macro and Risk Headlines
Bitcoin hits record $1206 per coin (UPI 24-Feb)
PBOC holds closed-door meetings with exchanges (Bloomberg 08-Feb)
New Ethereum Enterprise Alliance (Reuters 27-Feb)
The Crypto's View
The Bitcoin price increase may be related to rumours that the SEC will approve the Winklevoss ETF (COIN:NASDAQ). The SEC hosted a large meeting with the twins, their counsel, and service providers. The approval/denial decision is due 10-Mar. At this stage a large meeting with key people could be a sign of congratulation or that more work is needed. Will the SEC approve an ETF with an underlying asset which trades mostly in China, with questionable AML/CFT regulations, with poor liquidity? The Crypto will not be surprised either way.
The new Ethereum Enterprise Alliance (EEA) has 30 participating members including banks, IT firms, and two blockchain start-ups. The use of blockchains for smart contracts is vastly more interesting than just currency. The Crypto encourages the EEA but is pessimistic. Hopefully it will not turn out like the useless R3CEV project.
Fun Fact: Georgia is the 1st country to do blockchain land registry (Forbes 07-Feb)


The Crypto Report 31-Jan-2017
Top 3 Company Headlines
Credit China Fintech (8207:HK) $30m BitFury deal (PR 26-Jan)
Daimler acquires PayCash (Automotive World 16-Jan)
GMO (TSE:9449) launches wallet service (Finance Magnates 18-Jan)
Top 3 Macro and Risk Headlines
DTCC to use blockchain for $11tn credit derivatives post-trading (Euro Money 11-Jan)
China exchanges introduce fees, volumes normalise (Bloomberg 25-Jan)
Trump threatens remittances to Mexico (CNN 25-Jan)
The Crypto's View
GBTC has wisely ended its offering. Investors can no longer create units at NAV to sell at a premium when the 12 month restriction lapses. Existing holders cannot sell at a huge premium in the market now and then re-invest at NAV. It was plainly disclosed that this could happen but typical “pink sheets” investors probably were not aware. If it turns out that insiders and/or early investors were swapping their units like this by selling to general (non-professional) investors at a massive premium to NAV, extracting a lot of cash while superficially retaining their overall percentage holding, this could be very embarrassing and potentially legally explosive.
The Crypto suspects that a lot of the “net new investment” was from this kind of activity. Their own NAV and GBTC performance numbers show a premium erosion over a 1M, 1Q, and 1Y basis.
Fun Fact: A Federal Reserve employee received 12-month probation and $5,000 fine for mining Bitcoin at work on Fed computers (Federal Reserve 30-Jan)

The Crypto Report 31-Dec-2016
Top 3 Company Headlines
Overstock starts trading shares on Bitcoin blockchain (Wired 15-Dec)
IBM&Credit Mutuel Arkea plan client ID blockchain tech (Computer Weekly 30-Dec)
BNP Paribas makes 1st real time blockchain payment (Reuters 21-Dec)
Top 3 Macro and Risk Headlines
Bitcoin about to hit $1000 (CNBC 29-Dec)
OCC plans special bank charter for fintech companies (OCC 02-Dec)
Ukrainian Exchange launch Bitcoin futures contract (PR 19-Dec)
The Crypto's View
The price of Bitcoin rapidly increased. The Crypto is only partly sure why – Chinese demand. The BTC China exchange in Shanghai has the world’s largest volume. Daily volume increased approx. 28 times from 01-Sep to 22-Dec.
The Crypto remains unsure of the basis for any fiat valuation of Bitcoin. Good data seems impossible to find for Bitcoin spending (obscurity is of course part of Bitcoin’s appeal) except at exchanges, where currency is valued in terms of other currency. There is a philosophical point about how a currency has value because it’s in demand...but it seems today that Bitcoin is in demand mostly because of its fiat value. Tomorrow may be different. Until then, The Crypto will puzzle at how to value Bitcoin accurately.
Fun Fact: Medicinal Genomics is using the Bitcoin blockchain to register all known cannabis genomes. The goal is to reduce confusion over which strain you purchase (NewsBTC 05-Dec)